Air Commodore James Linter OBE, Royal Air Force Air Attaché at the British Embassy in Washington, D.C. will present a Royal Air Force Ensign to America's National Churchill Museum in an 11:00AM ceremony conducted in St. Mary the Virgin, Aldermanbury, the official Chapel of the Eagle Squadrons.
The long list of history-making moments and world leader visits to Westminster College and the impressive landmark, America’s National Churchill Museum, were the major factors that landed the city of Fulton on the 2019 list of “10 Coolest Small Towns in America.”
The long list of history-making moments and world leader visits to Westminster College and the impressive landmark, America’s National Churchill Museum, were the major factors that landed the city of Fulton on the 2019 list of “10 Coolest Small Towns in America.”
Join us for a gallery talk by Sandra L. and Monroe E. Trout Director and Chief Curator Timothy Riley at 11am on Saturday, July 6 as he discusses the exhibition Painting as a Pastime: From Winston to the White House. The exhibit offers an opportunity to view rarely seen paintings by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (1874–1965) and US Presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, and George W. Bush. This is the first time the works of these leaders and painters have been gathered together for a public display.
America’s National Churchill Museum has received a GEMmy Award by the Midwest Travel Journalists Association, which called the museum on the campus of Westminster College here “an outstanding gem that offers travelers an exceptional experience.”
His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales and co-founder and co-executive chairman of The Carlyle Group David Rubenstein help to commemorate and celebrate the 50th Anniversary of America's National Churchill Museum as the Association of Churchill Fellows Welcomes 12 New Members
Churchill Fellow Andrew Roberts will discuss his widely acclaimed Churchill biography and New York Times bestseller, Churchill: Walking with Destiny. Fellow Roberts joins legendary biographer Sir Martin Gilbert to be the only person to twice give the prestigious Enid and R. Crosby Lecture.
Human rights activist and chess master Garry Kasparov spoke at Westminster College April 9, 2016, and experienced the wonders of America’s National Churchill Museum. Today he articulates the importance of attending the upcoming 50th anniversary celebration of the Church and Museum and visiting and supporting them.
Learn more about the bell tolls and read a few thoughts about the unthinkable fire at the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris with hopes that, like Fulton’s London church—twice ravished by flames—the great Gothic cathedral soon will stand proudly again in Paris.
Westminster College presents “The Churchill Minute,” a weekly series to inform and inspire those who have an interest in America’s National Churchill Museum and the historic Christopher Wren Church of St. Mary, Aldermanbury.
A dinner and program with Dr. Nile Gardiner, Director of the Heritage Foundation's Margaret Thatcher Center for Freedom in Washington, DC
St Louis Club
$100 per person (all proceeds benefit National Churchill Museum)
Join Westminster College President Dr. Fletcher Lamkin and National Churchill Museum Director and Chief Curator Timothy Riley as they welcome Ambassador Stuart E. Eizenstat and Momentum Worldwide CEO Chris Weil for a discussion about leadership at the University Club in New York.
An exquisite painting by Sir Winston Churchill titled Lake Scene at Norfolk has been donated by the Monsanto Company to the National Churchill Museum. The 20” x 24” oil on canvas was painting circa 1935 and depicts a tranquil scene of a tree-lined blue lake in Norfolk, located on England’s east coast along the North Sea.
Widely known as the ‘Iron Curtain’ speech, Churchill’s address on March 5, 1946 at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri warned the world of the looming threat of the Soviet Union in Europe. This ongoing exhibition features the Museum's typewritten draft of the speech with Churchill's final edits.
National Churchill Museum is in the path of the total solar eclipse in August. Discover how Winston Churchill and Sir Christopher Wren viewed the celestial realm in a talk and concert at 2pm on Sunday, August 20.
In a ceremony on June 8 at Bellerive Country Club in St. Louis retired Sen. John C. Danforth received the Churchill Medal for Leadership. The gala event attracted over 170 guests and featured historian and Pulitzer Prize-winning author Doris Kearns Goodwin.
“The Wall Behind the Wall: How Memory Divides” Lecture by Dr. Jeremy Straughn, Assistant Professor, Transnational Studies | Churchill Institute for Global Engagement Director, Study Abroad & Off-Campus Programs
Museums are links to other worlds, to our pasts as well as the past civilizations that have been lost or built over. They are the keepers of history, of irreplaceable works of art and artifacts that have been dug out of sand and silt and ash.
When parents and teachers want kids to learn about the past, they have several options. They can turn to history books and textbooks, ask people who experienced it to talk with children, rely on the internet for information, or give kids a hands-on experience with learning at a museum.
To celebrate the 70th anniversary of World War II ending, the National Churchill Museum is currently exhibiting “We March Together.” Inspired by Prime Minister Winston Churchill’s enthusiasm for Anglo-American cooperation during the war, the exhibit features a selection of propaganda posters and explores how Britons and Americans contributed to the war effort, marching together toward victory.
Churchill's granddaughter, Edwina Sandys, great grandson, Duncan Sandys, British Ambassador to the United States, and Governor Nixon join for Saturday Churchill commemoration service at the National Churchill Museum
British Ambassador Peter Westmacott, Churchill's great grandson, and Missouri Governor Jay Nixon honor Winston Churchill on the 50th Anniversary of his death with "America's Service of Remembrance" at the National Churchill Museum in Fulton, MO.
This week we have a special treat. Dr. Rob Havers, Executive Director of the Winston Churchill Memorial &. Library at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, joins us to discuss what Winston Churchill’s perspective might have been on the current crisis with Russia.
As a journalist, Paul Reid was familiar with writing assignments.
In 2003, though, he was given an assignment from his friend and author William Manchester that would forever connect him with the man he says saved Western civilization — Winston Churchill.
Charlie talks with the Great-Grandson of Sir Winston Churchill, Randolph Churchill, and Paul Reid, Churchill Historian and Author of “The Last Lion”, who paid a visit to the National Churchill Museum at Westminster College in Fulton, MO.
The Ukraine’s Crimea was also in the news 69 years ago. It’s where President Roosevelt, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin and England’s Prime Minister Winston Churchill met in Yalta to decide what Europe should look like after World War II.
Sixty-eight years ago next week, Baxter Brown Watson was a witness to history.
Watson was a student at Westminster College on March 5, 1946, when Winston Churchill delivered his “Iron Curtain” speech there. Watson not only saw the speech — he was given the honor of accompanying Churchill and President Harry S Truman to the campus gymnasium where the former prime minister delivered his address.
Taking a trip back in time — and across the pond — is as easy as a jaunt down the highway.
Back in March of 1946, Winston Churchill uttered the famous words “an iron curtain has descended across the continent,” marking the beginning of the Cold War. The speech, now known as “The Sinews of Peace,” was delivered on the Westminster College campus, located in Fulton.
The acclaimed “The Last Lion” trilogy tells the story of Winston Churchill’s life. Churchill was born at the end of the 19th century when Imperial Britain was at the height of its power; Churchill would witness the shift a few years later as the Empire hovered on the brink of a new era.
In 2003, William Manchester, one of the 20th century’s leading biographers, found himself in a terrible quandary.
Manchester had written the first two acclaimed volumes of “The Last Lion,” a planned three-part biography of Winston Churchill. His towering if florid prose inspired thousands of readers and stirred widespread anticipation for the final installment. That third volume was to begin just as Churchill was named prime minister of Great Britain, the last European power to stand against the relentless scourge of Nazi Germany.
Two St. Louis area students placed 3rd and 4th in the first annual Winston Churchill Student Speech Competition held at the National Churchill Museum located on the campus of Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri.
The 2014 Kemper Lecture will come to Churchillians with a more conversational format. Special guests in attendance will include Randolph Churchill and Jennie Churchill Repard, Winston Churchill's great-grandchildren.
he special relationship between world leaders President Ronald Reagan and Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher is explored in a new exhibit at the National Churchill Museum on the campus of Westminster College. The exhibit, which opened in January, will be open on President's Day, Feb. 17, 2014 and runs through March 9.
The National Churchill Museum will be shining the spotlight on Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher over the next few months.
The museum is putting on a new exhibit, “Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher: Their Special Relationship,” Jan. 13-March 9.
Mark Carney, the governor of the Bank of England, has formally announced that Britain will switch to using plastic banknotes in 2016, ending 320 years of paper money.
After a public consultation in which 87% of the 13,000 respondents backed the new-style currency, the Bank said it would introduce "polymer" notes, as it prefers to call them, in two years' time, starting with the new £5 note featuring Winston Churchill in 2016 and the Jane Austen £10 a year later.
After an introduction from National Churchill Museum Executive Director Rob Havers, Fulton Mayor LeRoy Benton addresses the crowd that’s formed outside of the museum before lighting the tree at the inaugural Community Tree Lighting Ceremony Monday. Benton lauded the museum and Westminster College’s cooperative relationship with the city before he set the tree alight on the Church of St. Mary the Virgin Aldermanbury’s walkway above the museum.
The Sacred Heart Student Council and National Honor Society recently took their annual field trip to the National Churchill Museum in Fulton.The students learned about Winston Churchill’s early life, and also his unique role in WWII. The students enjoyed the experience of learning about one of history’s greatest world leaders. This trip also coincides with what the students are learning in some of their history classes.
For three decades, the National Churchill Museum has been a key part of Fulton’s Christmas celebration. The tradition continues next Thursday, Nov. 14, with their 30th annual Victorian Christmas. Festivities begin at 10 a.m. with shopping and the traditional English kettledrum tea, with spirits, food and an auction running from 5-7 p.m. All proceeds benefit the Museum.
A bust of the late British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was added Wednesday to the collection of statues in the U.S. Capitol.
The ceremony in Statuary Hall was the culmination of a controversy that began after President Barack Obama removed a Churchill bust from display in the Oval Office and replacing it with one of slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.
Six months after Margaret Thatcher's death, admirers of the United Kingdom's only female prime minister are planning a memorial unlike any ever given a British politician: a memorial library similar to those in the United States that honor American presidents.
As global financial markets head into a second week of a partial U.S. Government shutdown, with a debt default still a technical possibility, investors have to hope that Winston Churchill was wrong about Americans.
“You can always count on Americans to do the right thing — after they’ve tried everything else,” is a famous quote, versions of which have been attributed to the great British leader a million times.
Homeschool families are encouraged to visit the National Churchill Museum between 9am-4pm on Wednesday, October 9, to take part in creative learning stations throughout the Museum exhibits. Activities include letter string scavenger hunts, sensory treasure hunts, story pages, and word birds for the little ones; interactive exercises about 21st century technology for the middle school age children; and a creative writing exercise for high school age children. A bonus “Meet the Curator” activity includes a meet and greet with the Museum’s curator including a tour of the Museum’s collections space, which will take place from 10:30am-11:30am and 2pm-3pm.
Take part in creative learning stations throughout the Museum exhibits. Varied activities for students of all age groups. A bonus “Meet the Curator” activity includes a meet and greet and a tour of our collections space, which will take place at 10:30am-11:30am and 2pm-3pm.
As part of Smithsonian Magazine's Museum Day Live, admission to the National Churchill Museum in Fulton, MO will be free on Saturday, September 28, 2013. Obtain your ticket here: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/museumday/
The Museum is open daily from 10 a.m. – 4:30 p.m. Regular admission prices are Adults - $6, Seniors- $5, College students and youth - $4, Children (6-11) - $3, and Children (5 and under) – free.
The Mid-Missouri Friends of the National Churchill Museum will host a luncheon and fashion show at 11 a.m. Oct. 12 at the Fulton Country Club. Mary Harrison, who chairs the event, said Calena’s Fashions in Holts Summit will provide the fashions for the fundraising event to benefit the National Churchill Museum.
Located an easy two hours outside of St. Louis is the site of one of the twentieth century's most important historical events: Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech. Officially named the "Sinews of Peace" the speech was given on the campus of Fulton, Missouri's Westminster College in 1946 and has become one of history's most famous speeches, orated by one of our greatest leaders, arguably marking the start of the Cold War!
From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an Iron Curtain has descended across the continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia, all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere.
Listen to full interviews of Dr. Rob Havers, National Churchill Museum Executive Director, speaking about Churchill's Epic "Iron Curtain" speech film screening on KMOX and KWMU, two St. Louis radio programs.
Dr. Rob Havers, Executive Director of the National Churchill Museum on the campus of Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, talks about a new documentary, “Winston Churchill’s Epic ‘Iron Curtain’ Speech: History Alive Today”, with a screening on Wed., Sept. 18, 5:30P-7:30P, at the St. Louis Public Library in Downtown St. Louis.
Winston Churchill is famous for making political speeches, warning of political peril ahead. He warned Great Britain and the world of the dangerous rumblings coming out of Germany during the 1930s as well as when Communist Russia began to expand its reach after World War II.
The National Churchill Museum is bringing the timeless lessons of history to a new generation through an increased commitment to educational outreach and an exciting new documentary entitled “Winston Churchill’s Epic ‘Iron Curtain’ Speech: History Alive Today.”
You can listen to Dr. Rob Havers, Executive Director of the National Churchill Museum, speak about the documentary and an upcoming screening of it in St. Louis and a showing on Nine PBS (KETC) in two radio interviews tomorrow (Tuesday, September 10).
Fulton, MO – August 29, 2013 – Bringing the timeless lessons of history to a new generation is a key focus of increased educational outreach and a new documentary by the National Churchill Museum (NCM) on the campus of Westminster College in Fulton, MO. The documentary, “Winston Churchill’s Epic ‘Iron Curtain Speech’: History Alive Today,” will air on Nine PBS on Sunday, September 1, at 4:30 p.m. and Friday, September 20, at 9:30 p.m. #ChurchillNine.
Winston Churchill's powerful speeches have long been credited with helping to win the war, but one leading academic says there is 'little evidence' his oratory inspired the British to beat Nazi Germany.
The National Churchill Museum was nominated for the 2014 National Medal for Museum Service given out by the Institute of Museum and Library Services. Representative Blaine Luetkemeyer submitted the nomination.
The National Churchill Museum hopes to expand its programming to include area schools and organizations, but it needs help.
The institution is looking for volunteers to take part in the return of its ongoing outreach program, which would hold special programs and workshops with school groups both at the museum and throughout mid-Missouri.
Winston Churchill will be restored to history lessons as part of a major overhaul of the curriculum designed to equip children with an understanding of Britain’s “island story”, the Telegraph has learnt.
The Mid-Missouri Friends of the National Churchill Museum are hosting their annual meeting to celebrate the royal baby June 7, starting at 4:30pm. The event will take place at the National Churchill Museum in Fulton, Missouri.
44 years after the Church of St. Mary dedication ceremony was held in May 1969, the National Churchill Museum is commemorating the occasion 6 p.m. May 9 at the church with “Walking Alone: Songs of World War II,” a concert and storytelling event highlighting patriotic anthems of the period and struggles of the men, women and families affected by the war.
Free tours at the National Churchill Museum in Fulton will be offered to Central Missouri hospitality and tourism industry representatives starting Saturday through May 12.
Rob Havers, museum executive director, said the tours will be offered during Travel and Tourism Week to representatives of hotels, restaurants and other tourist attractions.
Missouri State Representative Rick Stream fired off a bizarre e-mail to his House GOP colleagues this week that discusses the dangers of Islam...citing an 1899 quote from former British prime minister Winston Churchill.
Alan Wood, a World War II veteran credited with providing the flag in the famous flag-raising on Iwo Jima, has died. He was 90. Wood was a 22-year-old Navy officer in charge of communications on a landing ship on Iwo Jima's shores Feb. 23, 1945, when a Marine asked him for the biggest flag he could find.
Sir Winston Churchill will feature on the new design of a banknote which will enter circulation in 2016, the Bank of England has announced.
The wartime leader's image is planned to feature on the reverse of the new £5 note, together with one of his most celebrated quotations.
Churchill was chosen owing to his place as "a hero of the entire free world", said Bank governor Sir Mervyn King.
Bolton toured the National Churchill Museum in Fulton and told a press conference after the tour the Obama Administration still has not taken any action in response to the murder of J. Christopher Stevens, United States Ambassador to Libya, and three other embassy staff members in the Sept. 12 attack on the American Consulate in Benghazi.
In 1996, former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher visited Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, the same place where almost 50 years earlier, Winston Churchill delivered his famous “Iron Curtain” speech. During her visit, Thatcher gave a speech that still has relevance today, especially in light of the continuing threat of nuclear weapons by North Korea.
All eyes in the USA were focused on London last summer, with the Queen’s Jubilee and the 2012 Summer Olympics drawing throngs to the vibrant city. Although your budget might not allow you to hop across the pond this spring, there are still places within an easy day’s drive of Lawrence where Anglophiles can get their British fix.
Mr. Speaker, I rise today to recognize the National Churchill Museum in Fulton, MO for its recent award from the Missouri Humanities Council honoring its ``The Kingdom at Work'' exhibit. As part of the ``The Way We Worked'' program instituted by the Missouri Humanities Council, this effort provided an excellent opportunity to display the cultural history of the area and also demonstrated the power of collaboration in our local community.
Cita Stelzer has written a book about Churchill's dinner-table diplomacy and has combed many archives to describe the meals at dinners where Sir Winston used "good food, excellent champagne and Havana cigars" to engage with others and cajole them to his point of view. She was at National Churchill Museum for a book signing, and the museum re-created the meal served to Churchill.
Sir Anthony Montague Browne, who has died aged 89, was seconded from the Foreign Office to become one of Winston Churchill’s private secretaries; as things turned out, he was to be the last and, apart from Lady Churchill, saw more of the wartime leader during the final decade of his life than anyone else.
The Iron Lady had some wrinkles. She was a Cold Warrior who helped end that conflict peacefully; a powerful woman who eschewed feminism; a British leader who refused second place in the Anglo-American “special relationship,” even though her counterpart was a political genius at the height of his power.
In the 300 years that have passed since the office was invented at the start of the 18th century, there have been just a handful of truly great prime ministers: Pitt the Younger; Gladstone; Disraeli; Lloyd George; Churchill.
And, it can now be asserted with certainty, Margaret Thatcher. With her death, she joins the ranks of the immortals.
The National Churchill Museum in Fulton and the Kingdom of Callaway Historical Society will receive the 2013 Missouri Humanities Award for Exemplary Community Achievement in the Humanities in Missouri.
Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer speaks before successfully passing a resolution through the U.S. House of Representatives recognizing the Winston Churchill Memorial and Library on the campus of Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, as Americas National Churchill Museum.
FULTON — Sydney Van Orden has been to the National Churchill Museum on the Westminster College campus before, but when her grandmother suggested she attend an overnight adventure there last night, the 8-year-old was taken aback.
"It never occurred to me to be in a museum overnight," she said. "It was weird. I didn't want to go alone."
So Sydney recruited a friend, Sami Cooke, and last night the girls joined 10 other area children for a "Night at the Museum."
It's the third time that Mandy Plybon, education and public programs coordinator at the museum, has opened up the historic Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Aldermanbury, to young overnight guests. The inaugural sleepover was held last summer and featured ghost stories, and she hosted a second in January.
The 2nd Annual Winston S. Churchill Symposium follows the immensely successful inaugural 2011 event and will bring four Churchill Scholars to discuss a wide array of topics pertaining to the life of Sir Winston S. Churchill.
On June 29, visitors to the National Churchill Museum will take a step back in time as the museum hosts a Classic Car Cruise-In to celebrate the grand opening of its newest exhibit, Our Lives, Our Stories: America’s Greatest Generation, which will be open through Aug. 11.
FULTON - The national Churchill museum in Fulton is giving local residents a chance to visit for free tonight.
From 5 to 8 tonight, people can see the classic car cruise-in and take part in the barbecue and listen to live music.
The Callaway county cruisers will have vintage cars from the 40's and 50's on display.
The museum just opened a new exhibit, "Our lives, our stories: America's greatest generation."
The National Churchill Museum is offering area youth a fun twist on the traditional weekend sleepover.
The museum will hold a Night at the Museum program Friday, giving children ages 6-12 the opportunity to explore its collections and exhibits — including its newest traveling exhibit, Our Lives, Our Stories — overnight.
The museum will host its first Day Camp for Kids. 8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. July 11-12. Campers will get to explore the museum’s current large exhibit, Our Lives, Our Stories: America’s Greatest Generation, to learn about what it was like growing up in the ‘30s-’60s. They will then participate in hands-on arts and crafts activities inspired by the exhibit, including artwork that will hang in the exhibit itself.
Area citizens will have a rare opportunity to view an exciting new national exhibit entitled Our Lives, Our Stories: America’s Greatest Generation on display June 16-August 11 at the National Churchill Museum on the campus of Westminster College in Fulton, MO.
In May of 2011, a sculpture of Winston Churchill making his famed "Iron Curtain" speech was unveiled and dedicated in front of the National Winston Churchill Memorial and Library Sculpture Plaza on the campus of Westminster College. One year later, the commemorative piece, titled "Iron Curtain", is being honored.
Several important steps have been completed in the establishment of the National Churchill Library and Center at the George Washington University. Concept renderings of the space, created by architecture firm Cox Graae & Spack, have been produced, and fundraising and planning activities are well underway.
The library and center will provide a permanent American home for studies of 20th-century leader Sir Winston Churchill. The Churchill Centre, a Chicago-based international educational organization devoted to preserving the legacy of Winston Churchill, agreed to establish the National Churchill Library and Center at the George Washington University through an $8 million pledge to the university in January.
The Associated General Contractors of America has awarded the Winston Churchill Memorial and Library Sculpture Plaza the “Project of the Year” award for general contractor projects under $1 million. This one-of-a-kind piece of art is the only statue in the world that captures Churchill’s ‘Iron Curtain’ address. The sculpture's award-winning architectural design and construction was featured in a recent article in the publication Modern Builder.
FULTON (AP) -- The Callaway County college where Winston Churchill gave his famous "Iron Curtain" speech in 1946 is offering active duty military free summer admission to the museum dedicated to the former British prime minister.
The National Churchill Museum at Westminster College is opening its doors to enlisted men and women and their families starting on Memorial Day. The promotion is part of the Blue Star Museums program and lasts through Labor Day.
The Blue Stars program is a joint effort among the National Endowment of the Arts, the Department of Defense and more than 1,500 museums across America.
Mikaela Speakes, a Pacific High School senior, won second place in the Winston Churchill Student Contest (WCSC) with her essay “Keep Calm and Carry On.”
The National Churchill Museum, located on Westminster College campus in Fulton, held the SCSC competition for the fourth time this past school year.
The Watercolor Missouri National 12th annual Open Exhibition is on display at the National Churchill Museum on the Westminster College campus in Fulton. The show, which runs through Friday, is a prestigious and highly competitive professional exhibition of 81 watermedia paintings by artists from across the country. The museum is open from 10 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. daily. Admission ranges from $4 to $6 for adults, $3 for children ages 6 to 11 and is free for children 5 and younger. www.churchill memorial.org.
Mid-Missourians will get a chance to meet a First Lady right out of history April 24 from 5:30-6:30 p.m. While she’s only a facsimile, renowned Eleanor Roosevelt impersonator Jessica Michna will bring her dramatic presentation of anecdotes, “First Lady of the World,” to Westminster College.
Churchill: The Power of Words, on view from June 8 through September 23, 2012 at The Morgan Library & Museum, hopes to bring to life the man behind the words through some sixty-five documents, artifacts, and recordings, ranging from edited typescripts of his speeches to his Nobel Medal and Citation to excerpts from his broadcasts made during the London blitz.
To help preserve and continue the memory of World War II veterans, the National Churchill Museum in Fulton, Missouri, is offering a wedding giveaway for one of their descendants. The bride or groom must live in the metropolitan St. Louis area.
Well known author and historian Bob Priddy will be among the notable featured speakers who will be part of the The Way We Worked, the newest Smithsonian Institution exhibit which will be on display at The Centre (1200 N. Holloway Street) from Nov. 19 through Dec. 17, 2011.
The metal trench art objects in this exhibition are as varied and unique as the military and civilian artists who created them. The works date from the origins of this brass art form in the trenches of France during the first World War. Makers of trench art utilized artillery shells, bullets, shrapnel, currency and other miscellaneous metal scrap and applied materials.